President Benigno S. Aquino III delivers his 3rd State of the Nation Address (SONA) during the Joint Session of the 15th Congress of the Philippines at the Plenary Hall, House of Representatives Complex, Constitution Hills in Quezon City on Monday (July 23).
There have been 72 SONAs, and the address of President Aquino III will be the 73rd since 1936 and the 26th since the restoration of democratic rule under the Fifth Republic in 1987.
The SONA delivered by the President is a yearly tradition wherein the chief executive reports on the status of the country, unveils the government’s agenda for the coming year, and may also propose to Congress certain legislative measures.
Aquino reported that roads are now straight and level, and properly paved; relief goods are ready even before a storm arrives, rescue services are always on standby, and people are no longer left to fend for themselves; sirens only blare from police cars, ambulances, and fire trucks—not from the vehicles of government officials.
“Reforms were established as we cut wasteful spending, held offenders accountable for their actions, and showed the world that the Philippines is now open for business under new management,” the President said.
He reported eight credit rating upgrades, 44 stock market record highs, and a first-quarter 2012 gross domestic product growth rate of 6.4 percent, “much higher than projected, the highest growth in the Southeast Asian region, and second only to China in the whole of Asia.”
On his social, health, education, employment and infrastructure programs, Mr. Aquino reported achievements and announced progress on plans:
• The conditional cash transfer program for the poorest poor has been extended to 3.1 million households as of February from 760,357 when he took office in June 2010.
For next year, the program will cover 3.8 million households, five times bigger than the program he inherited from the Arroyo administration.
Under the program, the beneficiaries get P1,400 a month on the condition that pregnant women get regular prenatal checkups, mothers bring their children to clinics for immunization and parents keep their children in school.
According to the Department of Social Welfare and Development, the President said, 1,672,977 mothers are now getting regular checkups; 1,672, 814 children have been vaccinated against diarrhea, polio, measles and other diseases; and 4.57 million children no longer miss classes because of poverty.
• Eighty-five percent of all Filipinos have been enrolled in PhilHealth, compared to 62 percent in 2010. This means 23.31 percent more Filipinos have gained access to health insurance in the past two years.
Better news: 5.2 million poorest households will benefit from PhilHealth programs, including treatment for such diseases as breast cancer, prostate cancer and acute leukemia.
“The process,” Mr. Aquino said, “is this: Go to any government hospital, show your PhilHealth card, get treatment, and you will go home without shelling out a single centavo.”
• By year-end, the government will have built the 66,800 classrooms needed to solve the classroom shortage in public schools, acquired the 2,573,212 chairs needed to solve the furniture shortage, and done away with the 61.7-million-book shortage to achieve the 1:1 textbook-to-student ratio.
“We are ending the backlogs in the education sector, but the potential for shortages remains as our student population continues to increase,” Mr. Aquino said. Then he suggested a solution: “Perhaps the responsible parenthood bill can help address this.”
That drew the loudest of the 100 bursts of applause that interrupted Mr. Aquino’s speech.
• A proposed 43.61-percent increase in the budget of state universities and colleges next year.
• A steady decline in the unemployment rate from 8 percent in 2010 to 7.2 percent in 2011 to 6.9 percent this year.
• The completion by 2016 of airports in Panglao, Bohol; Daraga, Albay; Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental; and the upgrading of the international airports in Mactan, Cebu; Tacloban, Leyte; and Puerto Princesa, Palawan.
• Full repair of the flaws of Terminal 3 of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport before the next Sona in July next year.
• Completion by 2015 of the extension of the Light Rail Transit Line 1 to Cavite, which would ease traffic in Las Piñas, Parañaque and Cavite, and the addition of two elevated expressways that will connect the North Luzon and South Luzon expressways, and reduce travel time between Clark in Pampanga and Calamba in Laguna to 1 hour and 40 minutes.
• Drawing 2.1 million tourists in the past two years, compared to 1.3 million during the nine years of the Arroyo administration. The goal for this year: 4.6 million tourists.
• Reduction of rice imports from 1.3 million metric tons in 2010 to 500,000 metric tons this year. Weather permitting, the Philippines may start exporting rice next year.
Turning to national defense, the President said the government allocated P28 billion for the modernization of the military. “This will soon match the P33 billion set aside for the program in the past 15 years,” Mr. Aquino said.
That’s only getting started, he said. If the proposed military modernization bill is passed by Congress, P75 billion will be allocated for defense in the next five years.
Saying the country cannot just give its territory away, Mr. Aquino called on the nation to unite behind his government’s efforts to resolve the Philippines’ dispute with China over Panatag Shoal in the West Philippine Sea.
“If someone enters your yard and tells you he owns it, will you allow that?” he said. “It’s not right to give away what is rightfully ours. And so I ask for solidarity from our people regarding this issue. Let us speak with one voice.”
He assured the nation: “We are consulting experts, every leader of our nation, our allies—even those on the other side—to find a solution that is acceptable to all.”
Legislative wish list
Mr. Aquino also asked Congress to pass crucial legislation, including the sin tax reform bill, the third amendment to the Anti-Money Laundering Act that would increase the number of predicate crimes covered by the law, his administration’s version of the military modernization bill, the responsible parenthood bill, and the amendment to the mining law that would increase the government’s share in mining revenues.
“Let me remind you that our fight does not end with the ousting of one corrupt official, with the suspension of an anomalous contract, or the systemic overhauling of a government office,” Mr. Aquino said, referring to former Chief Justice Renato Corona, for whose removal from office in May he thanked his allies in Congress and Ombudsman Conchita Carpio Morales.
“I call upon Congress to pass our amendments to the Anti-Money Laundering Act, which may strengthen our measures to hold the corrupt accountable,” Mr. Aquino said.
Referring to his Executive Order No. 79 that outlined his administration’s mining policy, Mr. Aquino said: “Think about it. In 2010, P145 billion was the total value derived from mining, but only P13.4 billion, or 9 percent, went to the national treasury.”
But the natural resources belong to the Filipinos, he said. “It shouldn’t happen that all that’s left to you is a tip after they’re extracted. We are hoping that Congress will work with us and pass a law that will ensure that the environment is cared for, and that the public and private sectors will receive just benefits from this industry.”
Mr. Aquino appealed to the nation for support for his administration in next year’s midterm elections so that changes may continue.
“Elections are fast approaching,” he said. “You, our bosses, will be our compass. I ask you, ‘Boss, what direction will we take? Do we continue treading the straight and righteous path, or do we double back toward the crooked road that leads to a dead end?’”
He reminded the nation of the irregularities in the Arroyo administration without, however, mentioning the ex-President’s name, and said that there were still people who were committed to bring that system back.
“These are also the ones who say, ‘Let go of the past. Unite. Forgive and forget so we can move forward as a people,’” Mr. Aquino said.
“I find this unacceptable. Shall we simply forgive and forget the 10 years that were taken from us?” Mr. Aquino said.
Arroyo, now a Pampanga representative, is detained in a government hospital, facing criminal charges for alleged electoral sabotage, breach of ethics involving an overpriced broadband Internet deal with a Chinese company and the plunder of millions of pesos in Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office funds.
Mr. Aquino thanked his officials for dedicated service that enabled him to advance his programs and deliver on his promises to the people.
But most of all, he thanked the Filipinos for their cooperation and support.
“This is my third Sona; only three remain,” Mr. Aquino said. “We are entering the midpoint of our administration. Last year, I challenged you to fully turn your back on the culture of negativism; to take every chance to uplift your fellow Filipinos. From what we are experiencing today, it is clear: You succeeded.”
He said that whenever people came to him to thank him for the change in their lives, his response was: “You made this happen.”
And he concluded his speech: “I stand before you today and tell you: this is not my Sona. You made this happen. This is the Sona of the Filipino nation. Thank you.”
However, for the third time, President Benigno Aquino III did not mention the Freedom of Information (FOI) bill in his annual report despite a campaign promise to support the measure.
Aquino was silent on the bill during his 90-minute “Report Sa Boss” last Monday, July 23, at the Batasang Pambansa.
The FOI bill seeks to give flesh to the Constitutional provisions recognizing Filipinos’ right to information on matters of public concern, and the state’s duty to disclose this information.
Discussion on the FOI bill is important because it will establish the guiding policy to the public’s access to basic information about the government operations.
The measure has been languishing in Congress for more than a decade. After assuming office, Aquino has expressed misgivings about the FOI bill, saying it may be misused.
The challenge to pass the bill lies primarily with the House of Representatives because the Senate is already discussing the FOI bill in plenary. But like all legislative measures, the chief executive’s political will is crucial to ensure the passage of the FOI bill.
There was also a mention of “Responsible parenthood” which got many to think it was a nod to the Reproductive Health Bill, but due to its vagueness, some sectors are saying its wishful thinking on their part to assume Aquino is vent on approving the bill. The national election period is to happen next year (2013) and many of Aquino’s allies may shy away from his political party if he would touch on the sensitivities of the religious sector who are determined to go against the passing of the bill.
Some Senators said they were one in pushing for the passing of the sin tax and mining tax bills. They said the passage of the sin tax bill could give the country extra funds. The same effect of more funds for the country was seen if the mining tax measure was passed. However, they noted that these funds should be used transparently which the FOI bill could have implemented if also passed.
“It lacked substance and was practically rehashed. It’s not a reform speech, it’s basically a rehash of an old speech,” a political analyst said.
Although the analyst lauded Aquino’s willpower to fight corruption, the Philippine President did not provide concrete solutions to major issues like poverty, environment, land reform, among others.
“They were elite solutions to what is otherwise the problem of the poor people”.
What is admirable about Aquino is he did not claim credit for the improvements in national life in the past year. All credit he gave to the Filipinos. He thanked them for the achievements.
He said that in the 25 months that he has been President, he learned that “nothing is impossible because if the Filipino people see that they are the only Bosses of their government, they will carry, they will guide you, they themselves will lead you to meaningful change.”
“Nothing is impossible to a united nation,” Mr. Aquino said. “It was change we dreamed of, and change we achieved.”
Toward the end of his one-hour-and-a-half-long speech, he said: “Isn’t it a great time to be Filipino?”
Editor’s Note: We are posting in full President Aquino’s third State of the Nation Address, courtesy of the Official Gazette.
Click here to read it in full and the English translation.